Approximately the size of Colorado, Ecuador is bordered by Peru to the east and the south, Colombia to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The land features jungle territory, rich agricultural terrain, the Andes Mountains, and an archipelago of volcanoes. Nearly 14 and a half million people live in the country, and 95 percent of them follow the Roman Catholic faith. With education mandatory up until the age of 18, its literacy rate exceeds 84 percent. Moreover, its gross domestic product in 2011 was $65.9 billion, due to rich exports such as petroleum, seafood, timber, and copper.

The nation obtained its independence from Spain in 1822 after nearly 13 years of fighting. Today, Ecuador is a republic, governed by a president, a unicameral national assembly, several courts, and administrative bodies that focus on transparency and citizen participation.

About the Author:

The Managing Director of Hochfeld Capital Management, Berton Hochfeld currently sponsors two immigrants from Ecuador. These two individuals are attending school, and Hochfeld assists them by helping pay for their living expenses and tuition while tutoring them in English speech and composition.